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Measurements/Equivalents

Equivalent Weights and Measurements

1 bushel
1 peck
1 gallon
1 quart
1 pint
1 cup
3/4 cup
2/3 cup
1/2 cup
1/3 cup
1/4 cup
1/8 cup
1 tablespoon
4 pecks
8 quarts
4 quarts
2 pints or 4 cups
2 cups
16 tablespoons or 8 fluid ounces
12 tablespoons or 6 fluid ounces
10 tablespoons plus 2 teaspoons
8 tablespoons or 4 fluid ounces
5 tablespoons plus 1 teaspoon
4 tablespoons or 2 fluid ounces
2 tablespoons or 1 fluid ounce
3 teaspoons or 1/2 fluid ounce

Substitutions

1 cup all-purpose flour minus 2 tablespoons equals 1 cup cake flour- both sifted before measuring.

1/4 cup cocoa plus 1 1/2 tsp shortening equals 1 oz bitter chocolate.
1 cup vegetable shortening plus 1/2 teaspoon salt is approximately equal to 1 cup butter in salty flavor.
1 cup sweet milk, or 1/2 cup evaporated milk and 1/2 cup water, plus 1 tablespoon lemon juice or vinegar, equals 1 cup sour milk.
1 tablespoon cornstarch equals 2 tablespoons flour for thickening
4 to 6 lemons equal 1 cup juice



Equivalent Weights and Measures of Some Foods

1 lb. all-purpose flour, sifted
                                 unsifted
1 lb cake flour,            sifted
                                  unsifted
1 lb whole wheat flour, unsifted
1 lb corn meal
1 lb granulated sugar
1 lb brown sugar
1 lb fat (any kind)
1/4 lb butter
1 lb coffee
1 lb cocoa
1 oz baking chocolate (bitter)
1 lb chopped walnuts, shelled
1 lb American Cheese, grated
1 cup egg whites
1 cup egg yolks
1 cup fresh whole eggs
1 oz baking powder
1 oz baking soda
1 oz cream of tarter
4 cups
3 1/2 cups
4 1/2 to  4 2/3 cups
4 cups
3 1/2 cups
3 cups
2 1/4 cups
2 1/4 cups firmly packed
2 cups or 4 sticks
1 stick or 1/2 cup
88 tbls or 5 1/2  c coarse grind
64 tbls or 4 cups
1 sq = 1/4 c grated
4 cups
4 c loosely packed
8-10 egg whites
12-14 egg yolks
5 to 6 eggs
2 2/3 tablespoons
2 tablespoons
3 tablespoons

Thickening for Sauces and Gravies


Thin                         1 tablespoon flour to 1 cup water
Medium                   2 tablespoons flour to 1 cup water
Thick                        3 tablespoons flour to 1 cup water

If you add salt to the flour before adding water or liquid it will never lump.  I promise!
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